What is frozen shoulder?
A frozen shoulder is an inflammatory condition, which mostly occurs spontaneously, and is characterised by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint. It is more common in females in the middle aged group, and also more common in certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and thyroid disease.
If one thinks of the shoulder as an “onion” with multiple layers, the disease starts in the deepest layer (synovium). It then gradually spreads to the capsule and leads to stiffness, which eventually resolves and the condition clears up. Fortunately, this is a self-limiting condition, and very rarely needs surgery. If one waits long enough it will clear up, but we try and help patients by speeding up the progress of the condition.