Contact Us:  +27 (021) 911 1017   Email:  info@shoulderinstitute.com

Open Surgery

Some operations can only be carried out through "open" incisions as it is not possible to perform them arthroscopically.

The subscapularis is a most important muscle at the anterior (front) of the shoulder joint. It is often mentioned separately from the rest of the rotator cuff (supraspinatus, infraspinatus and teres minor) but is essentially part of this group of muscles.

Learn More

The shoulder consists of a ball (humeral head) and socket (glenoid). The ball is stabilized in the socket by a cartilage rim (“labrum”, which means “lip”) and the ligaments, which attach to the labrum.

Learn More

Shoulder dislocations occur when the ball (humeral head) of the shoulder is forced out of the socket (glenoid). Separation or dislocation can also occur of the smaller joint on top of the shoulder known as the AC joint (acromio-clavicular).

Learn More

The pectoralis major (large pectoral) is a large muscle on the front of the upper chest and arm.

There are 2 “heads” – the clavicular and sterno-costal.

Learn More

Shoulder joint replacement procedures are mostly done for osteo-arthritis of joints. In the normal joint, cartilage covers both bony surfaces of the ball and socket.

Learn More

The acromio-clavicular joint is between the clavicle (collar bone) and the acromion (shoulder bone). This injury usually results from a fall onto the tip of the shoulder or on to the back of the shoulder.

Learn More

The clavicle is prone to fracture because of its very superficial localisation. A fall onto the arm, a lateral blow or a direct impact over the clavicle can cause a fracture.

Learn More

Suprascapular nerve injuries have become increasingly recognized as a cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction1. Recent advances in diagnostic and surgical techniques have simplified the management of injuries of this nerve

Learn More

The thoracic outlet is the upper aperture of the chest, between the collar bone and the first rib.This narrow passageway is crowded with blood vessels that run out of the chest to the arm (subclavian vein and artery), as well as the nerves that exit the spine in the neck to supply the arm.

Learn More

The shoulder joint (gleno-humeral joint) is one of the most mobile joints in the body. The gleno-humeral joint consists of a ball (humeral head) and socket (glenoid). As in any other joint, the bone surfaces are covered with a specialised cartilage layer.

Learn More